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Review the definitions, examples and case studies below.

Misrepresentation and Fraud

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Falsifying information with the goal of deception.


  • Accessed or shared with others information that was private and confidential.
  • Changed the wording, answers or score of an assessment after it was returned
  • Altered or falsified medical, academic or other documents or records
  • Misrepresented the reason for requesting an extension on a test or assignment
  • Posed as another student to take an assessment or complete an online course
  • Altered or invented one or more facts, data or references in an assignment
  • Falsely accused another student(s) of an academic offence.
  • Claimed to have completed work that was in fact completed by someone else

Case Study

Li has a lab assignment that has been assigned as a group project. The due date for the assignment is approaching. However, Li’s group is unable to get lab results that are similar to what other groups in the course are getting.  Li and his group members decide to make up data so that their results match the results of other groups.  Li and this group are falsifying the results of their work, which is an academic offence.