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Citing and Referencing Omissions

This category includes minor incidents resulting from a misunderstanding of the rules and techniques of citing and referencing.

First incidences of this type of offense are generally given a warning and assigned a related learning task to complete. 


Review the definition, examples, and case studies below.

Citing and Referencing Omissions


Making small omissions in citation or referencing conventions in an assignment that otherwise shows substantial original work.


  • Did not include quotation marks around one or two short word-for-word quotes but cited and referenced source(s).
  • Forgot to cite one short paraphrased passage from one source but properly cited and referenced all other sources.
  • Attempted to paraphrase one short passage from a source, used proper citation and referencing but did not create enough original work.
  • Did not use citation style as assigned by instructor.
  • Cited and referenced all sources but did not include all the required citation or reference elements, such as page numbers of quotes or retrieval information.
  • Did not cite material that they believed was general knowledge

Case Study

Nadia writes an essay for one of her courses. She is diligent about using her own voice throughout the essay, properly paraphrasing and summarizing other researchers’ work. She also cites and references these outside works, including the occasional quotation. However, Nadia forgets to use quotation marks around one sentence copied word-for-word from an outside source. She provides an in-text citation for the copied sentence. Still, Nadia did not include quotation marks around the copied sentence, which may be considered an academic offence.

Why is acknowledging others' work important to your learning?

Watch the video to explore an instructor's perspective.