Paraphrasing means keeping the ideas or information from the original, but using your own words and your own sentence structure.
To write an effective paraphrase
A paraphrase may be longer, shorter, or the same length as the original.
1. Read and understand the original source.
It is important to understand the content of the original source. Take the time to look up unfamiliar words.
2. Underline or highlight the most important pieces of information.
The most important pieces of information are the key ideas or the main points of the original source.
3. Rewrite the idea using your own words and your own sentence structure.
Rewrite the ideas without looking at the original source. Use words that are part of your vocabulary and change the sentence structure. Change the order of the ideas from the original.
4. Check your work against the original source.
Note: Some words cannot be paraphrased: technical words, names, and compound nouns with specific meanings.
5. Cite the source according to the style used in your program.
For style guide information, refer to the Writing Service's resources, drop in to the Learning Commons, or make an appointment with a Writing Consultant in the Writing Service, Learning Commons.
"The nicotine in the chewing gum is released at variable rates depending on the intensity and duration of chewing."
The force and length of the gum chewing determines how much of the nicotine is released.
For more information about paraphrasing, go to APA @ Conestoga.