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Public Domain Image


(Image: Notman, William McFarlane. (1889). 100 ton mountain engine on the C.P.R., near Field, BC, 1889. Available from Musée McCord Museum, Flickr: The Commons. No known copyright restrictions)

Public Domain

Works that are in the Public Domain can be copied with no need to obtain permission or pay royalties. A work may be part of the Public Domain for one of the following reasons:

  • the term of copyright has expired - this is typically 50 - 70 years after the death of the work's author
  • the work was never eligible for copyright protection

Resources dealing with Public Domain:

Open Access

Open Access Logo with the words: Unlocking Knowledge"Open access" works "are digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions" (Suber, 2004-2015). The author of an Open Access work retains copyright and determines how their resources can be used. For example, some authors allow derivatives of their work while others do not. To learn more about Open Access, read Open Access Overview by Peter Suber.

A Creative Commons license is a common indicator used with open access works that describes the copyright owner's conditions for use of their work.

You can search for Open Access publications using the following tools:

Textbooks & Books

Journals / Academic Resources


Business Case Studies


Online Teaching and Learning Materials


  • Ted Talks
  • Vimeo – (Not all videos are closed-captioned)
  • YouTube (Use Filter option and select Creative Commons)



  • xkcd ("A Webcomic of romance, sarcasm, math, and language")
  • Dave Blazek (Business cartoons)

Odds and Ends