Find information below about the two most common types of literature reviews at Conestoga College. Note that faculty may have different expectations.
Meta Analysis: Quantitative assessment that analyzes data from multiple studies using a systematic method to produce an average result.
Meta Synthesis: Qualitative assessment that identifies, evaluates, and synthesizes all key research on a topic to come to new conclusions/insights.
Attempts to review all high quality research on a topic. Low quality studies are not included because they can introduce statistical "noise" and skew results.
Argumentative thesis on a clinical topic developed from a clear research question (a PICO question for quantitative assessment and a PS question for qualitative assessment).
Provides an overview of select relevant works on a topic.
Argumentative thesis that critically analyzes the quality and significance of existing research on a general topic.