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Citations in Text

Citing Long Paraphrases

When paraphrasing material that continues over a few sentences, cite the source in the first sentence. If context makes it clear that the paraphrase continues over multiple sentences, there is no need to repeat the citation. If you switch sources, make sure to repeat citation where necessary to ensure sources are clear.

Example of a Long Paraphrase (Parenthetical Citation Example)

Feminist activism was an essential component in Egypt’s twentieth-century national liberation movement (Prashad, 2007, pp. 54-55). While leaders like Huda Sha’rawi, Ceza Nabaroui, and Nabawiya Musa used their class privilege to agitate for women’s franchise, Prashad argued this work also served to undermine aspects of colonial control in Egypt.

Example of a Long Paraphrase (Narrative Citation Example)

Vijay Prashad (2007) argued that feminist activism was an essential component in Egypt’s twentieth-century national liberation movement. While leaders like Huda Sha’rawi, Ceza Nabaroui, and Nabawiya Musa used their class privilege to agitate for women’s franchise, Prashad suggested this work also served to undermine aspects of colonial control in Egypt (pp. 54-55).