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File Management

In this module, you will learn how to efficiently manage your computer files by learning tricks like how to find, download, copy, rename, recover, and organize your files.

File Extensions

Table of File Extensions and Descriptions
Common File Extension Application
.doc or .docx Microsoft Word document
.ppt or .pptx Microsoft PowerPoint presentation
.xls or .xlsx Microsoft Excel file
.pdf Portable Document Format by Adobe
.exe An executable format used for programs
.jpeg or .jpg An image file primarily used for photographs and other complex images
.gif An image file primarily used for simple images with few colours
.png An image file primarily used for web images
.zip A compressed file extension
.txt A plain text file used by Notepad and other programs
.rtf Rich-text file format used by Notepad and other programs

File format describes how the data is stored. The file format is labelled with file extensions. The file extension consists of three or four letters behind the period, after the name of the file. For instance, a user saves a Word document and labels it Inventory. The file name and extension would be: Inventory.doc or Inventory.docx.

This section was adapted from "File Management" in Digital Literacy by Samantha Rubenzer. Adaptations include the addition of more common file formats and updating some descriptions.