Skip to main content
hands typing at a keyboard

Reference List

Images

All images must be referenced (except any original image or photograph created exclusively by you). See the formulas below to learn how to reference images taken from different locations.

Image from Britannica ImageQuest / SMART Image Base

Formula

Author, A. (Year). Title of image [Image format]. Database Name. URL

Example

Marriott, J. E. (2016). Town of Banff and Sulphur Mountain [Photograph]. Britannica ImageQuest. https://quest.eb.com/search/167_4013133/1/167_4013133/cite

Image from Flickr / Unsplash

Formula

Author, A. (Year). Title of image [Image format]. Site Name. URL

Example

Kirk, A. (2020). Aussie puppy [Photograph]. Flickr. https://flic.kr/p/2jgjjb6

Image from an Image Sharing Site / Image Database - NO TITLE

Formula

Author, A. (Year). [You create a brief descriptive title] [Image format]. Site or Database Name. URL

Example

Ponce, A. (2016). [Colouring with crayons] [Photograph]. Pixabay. https://pixabay.com/photos/crayons-coloring-book-coloring-book-1445054/

Image from an Image Sharing Site / Image Database - NO AUTHOR

Formula

Title of Image [Image format]. (Year). Site or Database Name. URL

Example

Blas de Lezo [Painting]. (1853). Wikimedia Commons. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Blas_de_Lezo_unknown_author.jpg

Image in a Magazine with a Listed Artist

Formula

Artist, A. (Year, Month Day). In Title of article. Title of Magazine. DOI or URL (if required)

Example

Holleron, M. (2012, March 1). In Infinite vision: Breathtaking water views delight from every perspective. Ottawa at Home.

Artwork on a Museum's Website with a Listed Artist

Formula

Artist, A. (Year of release). Title of artwork [Medium]. Name of museum, city, state/province, country. URL

Example

Harris, L. S. (1928). Lake and mountains [Painting]. Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. https://ago.ca/collection/object/48/8

Image from a Source (i.e. Website, book, journal article, etc.) - ARTIST NOT LISTED

Reference the website, book, or journal article as usual. Find these formulas by selecting the correct source type on the references page.