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Reference List

Data Sets

To indicate that you are referencing data sets, include the words data set in square brackets after the title. Include the publisher only if it is different from the author. Include a DOI if available. For data accessed from the library database with no DOI (Vividata and PiinPoint, for example), no URL is necessary. For further guidance on citing and referencing data sets, please see this page


Author, A. (Date). Title of data set (Version number if available) [Data set]. Publisher. DOI or URL


PiinPoint. (2021). Annual spending on food purchased from restaurants [Data set]. Statistics Canada.
Statistics Canada. (2020). Selected income characteristics of census families by family type [Data set].
Vividata. (2015). Demographics – gardening: Maintenance/care done by [Data set].