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Legal Material

APA 7th Edition is an American publication and does not contain any examples or direction on citing and referencing Canadian law. The following has been adapted using both APA 7th's guidelines on what to include in a citation and reference as well as the McGill guide, the standard text for citing Canadian legal material. If using this page, be sure to speak with your instructor first about their requirements and preferences. In accordance with APA, provide a retrieval URL whenever possible. However, if you have retrieved your source from a database like QuickLaw or LawSource, you do not need to include a URL.

If you're struggling to understand some of the legal terms used on this page, we find this website extremely helpful.

Case Law

As with any reference, if the information is not available (e.g. the series number), do not include it in the reference. When the name of the court is included in the title of reporter, do not include the court name. See examples below.

Case Law with a Neutral Citation

When a decision has been rendered, the courts typically assign a neutral citation to the case. The neutral citation consists of the year of decision, court identifier, and decision number.

Reference Formula

Case Name, Year of decision Abbreviated court name Decision number. URL if available.


Pazmandi vs. Canada, 2020 FC 1094.

Case Law with No Neutral Citation

Reference Formula

Case Name. (Year of decision), Volume Title of reporter (Series number) First page number (Abbreviated name of the court). URL if available.


R v Latimer. (1995), 126 DLR (4th) 203 (Sask CA).

Statutes & Acts

Statutes are published either at the end of the parliamentary session or, periodically, in a collection with all other statutes in something called the Revised Statutes.

Revised Federal Statutes & Acts

The last time the Revised Statutes of Canada was published was in 1985. They are referred to as RSC 1985. The statutes are collected alphabetically, which is indicated in the way the reference presents the chapter number.

Reference Formula

Statute Name, RSC 1985, c chapter Letter-chapter number. URL if available.


Criminal Code, RSC 1985, c C-46.

Copyright Act, RSC 1985, c C-42.

Canada Labour Code, RSC 1985, c L-2.

Federal Statutes & Acts

Statues which came into effect after 1985 are referred to as the Statutes of Canada or “SC”. They are not published alphabetically, so the chapter number does not indicate a letter.

Reference Formula

Statute Name, SC Year, c. chapter number. URL if available


Nunavik Inuit Land Claims Agreement Act, SC 2008, c. 2.

Canada Emergency Student Benefit Act, SC 2020, c. 7.

Revised Provincial Statutes & Acts 

When referencing a provincial statute, look to see when those statues were last revised. The last time the Revised Statues of Ontario was published was in 1990. They are referred to as RSO 1990. Other provinces use different abbreviations.

Reference Formula

Statute Name, RSO 1990, c chapter letter-chapter number. URL if available


Provincial Statutes & Acts

Below is the formula for Statues of Ontario (abbreviated to SO). Please use the appropriate abbreviation if referencing another province’s statutes.

Reference Formula

Statute Name, SO Year, c chapter letter-chapter number. URL if available


Child Care and Early Years Act, SO 2014, c. 11.


Federal Bills 

Reference Formula

Bill Name, Title of Bill, Parliament session, number of Parliament, Year. URL if available


C-12, An Act to amend the Corrections and Conditional Release Act, 2nd session, 41st parliament, 2015.

Provincial Bills 

Reference Formula

Bill Name, Title of Bill, Parliament session, number of Parliament, Province, Year. URL if available 


Bill 124, Protecting a Sustainable Public Sector for Future Generations Act, 1st session, 42nd parliament, Ontario, 2019.


Similar to Statutes, Regulations are periodically consolidated. These are referred to as the Consolidated Regulations of Canada (CRC).

Consolidated Federal Regulations

Federal Regulations were last consolidated in 1978 and therefore, any Regulation in effect up until that time should be referenced as a Consolidated Federal Regulation.

Reference Formula

Name of Regulation, CRC, c chapter number. URL if available


Narcotic Control Regulations, CRC, c. 1041.

Territorial Lands Act Exclusion Order, CRC, c. 1526.,_c._1526/index.html

Federal Regulations

Regulations that came into effect after 1978 are referred to as Statutory Orders and Regulations (SOR) and require additional information.

Reference Formula

Name of Regulation (Optional), SOR/Last two digits of year-number of the regulation. URL if available


Canada Occupational Health and Safety Regulations, SOR/86-304.

Federal Child Support Regulations, SOR/97-175.

Consolidated Provincial Regulations

Each province has its own abbreviation for their consolidated regulations. In Ontario, consolidated regulations are called Revised Regulations of Ontario, or RRO 1990. 1990 is the last time that regulations of Ontario were consolidated. If you’re using a consolidated regulation from another province, double-check the abbreviation and year of consolidation.

Reference Formula 

RRO 1990, Regulation #


RRO 1990, Reg 14

Provincial Regulations

Each province is annotated differently; Ontario is signified with an “O”. If you’re using a regulation from another province, double-check the abbreviation.

Reference Formula 

O Reg Number/Year


O Reg 855/93

O Reg 45/91

A Note on Legal In-text Citations

Legal in-text citations do not require page numbers; however, as per APA 7th guidelines, you are free to include them if you think it will help your reader better locate your source information.

  • Standard citation: (Case/statute/bill etc. name, Year)
  • Example: (Apology Act, 1996)
  • Narrative citation : Case/statute/bill etc. name (Year) 
  • Example: R v. Burns (1994) demonstrated that...