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Reference List

Dictionaries and Encyclopedias

Since entries in online dictionaries and encyclopedias can be updated regularly, include a retrieval statement with the date accessed before the URL for online sources without a DOI.

Entry in a Dictionary, Thesaurus, or Encyclopedia, with Group or Individual Author with DOI or URL

Formula

Author, A. (Year). Title of entry. In Title of dictionary or encyclopedia. DOI or Retrieval statement including the full URL

Example

Merriam-Webster. (n.d.). Plagiarize. In Merriam-Webster.com dictionary. Retrieved July 6, 2020, from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/plagiarize

Entry in a Dictionary, Thesaurus, or Encyclopedia Without a DOI, Accessed from Library Database or in Print

Formula

Author, A. (Year).Title of entry. In Title of dictionary (# ed.). Publisher.

Example

Radford, E, & Radford, M. A. (2007). Door. In Encyclopedia of superstitions. Philosophical Library.

Entry in a Dictionary, Thesaurus, or Encyclopedia With Author and Editor

Formula

Author, A. (Year). Title of Entry. In E. Editor (Ed.), Title of dictionary or encyclopedia. DOI or Retrieval statement including the full URL or Publisher

Example

Haber, E. (2013). Pitcher Plant. In J. M. Marsh et al. (Eds.), The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved July 9, 2014, from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/en/article/pitcher-plant/

Wikipedia Entry

Formula

Title of entry. (Year). In Wikipedia. Retrieved Month day, year, from URL

Example

Confirmation bias. (2020). In Wikipedia. Retrieved June 26, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confirmation_bias