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Review the definitions, examples and case studies below.

Misrepresentation and Fraud


Falsifying information with the goal of deception.


  • Accessing or sharing with others information that was private and confidential.
  • Changing the wording, answers or score of an assessment after it was returned.
  • Altering or falsifying medical, academic or other documents or records.
  • Misrepresenting the reason for requesting an extension on a test or assignment.
  • Posing as another student to take an assessment or complete an online course.
  • Altering or inventing one or more facts, data or references in an assignment.
  • Falsely accusing another student(s) of an academic offence.
  • Claiming to have completed work that was in fact completed by someone else.

Case Study

Li has a lab assignment that has been assigned as a group project. The due date for the assignment is approaching. However, Li’s group is unable to get lab results that are similar to what other groups in the course are getting. Li and his group members decide to make up data so that their results match the results of other groups. Li and his group are falsifying the results of their work, which is an academic offence.